Ayurveda (Sanskrit Āyurveda आयुर्वेद, "life-knowledge"; English pronunciation /ˌaɪ.ərˈveɪdə/) or Ayurvedic medicine is a system of traditional medicine native to the Indian subcontinent and a form of alternative medicine. The oldest known Ayurvedic texts are the Suśrutha Saṃhitā and the Charaka Saṃhitā. These Classical Sanskrit texts are among the foundational and formally compiled works of Ayurveda.
Charak By the medieval period, Ayurvedic practitioners developed a number of medicinal preparations and surgical procedures for the treatment of various ailments. Practices that are derived from Ayurvedic medicine are regarded as part of complementary and alternative medicine, and along with Siddha Medicine and Traditional Chinese medicine, forms the basis for systems medicine.
Concerns have been raised about Ayurvedic products; US studies showed that up to 20% of Ayurvedic U.S. and Indian-manufactured patent medicines sold via internet contained toxic levels of heavy metals such as lead, mercury and arsenic. Other concerns include the use of medication containing toxic compounds and the lack of quality control in Ayurvedic facilities.
Eight components of Ayurveda
In classical Sanskrit literature, Ayurveda was called "the science of eight components" (Sanskrit aṣṭāṅga अष्टांग), a classification that became canonical for Ayurveda:
(General medicine) – Kāya-chikitsā: "cure of diseases affecting the body"
(Pediatrics) – Kaumāra-bhṛtya: "treatment of children"
(Surgery) – Śhalya-chikitsā: "removal of any substance which has entered the body (as extraction of darts, of splinters, etc.)"
(Ophthalmology / ENT/Dentistry) – Śālākya-tantra: "cure of diseases of the teeth, eye or ear etc. by sharp instruments"[dubious – discuss]
(Demonology / exorcism / psychiatry) – Bhoot (ghost)-vidyā: "treatment of mental diseases"
(Toxicology) – Agada-tantra:Gada means Poison. "doctrine of antidotes"
(Anti Ageings) – Rasayana-tantra: "doctrine of Rasayana"
(Aphrodisiacs) – Vājīkaraṇa tantra